Modal

Modal

The modal component provides a solid foundation for creating dialogs, popovers, lightboxes, or whatever else.

The component renders its children node in front of a backdrop component. The Modal offers a few helpful features over using just a Portal component and some styles:

  • Manages modal stacking when one-at-a-time just isn't enough.
  • Creates a backdrop, for disabling interaction below the modal.
  • It disables scrolling of the page content while open.
  • ♿️ It properly manages focus; moving to the modal content, and keeping it there until the modal is closed.
  • ♿️ Adds the appropriate ARIA roles automatically.

Terminology note. The term "modal" is sometimes used to mean "dialog", but this is a misnomer. A Modal window describes parts of a UI. An element is considered modal if it blocks interaction with the rest of the application.

If you are creating a modal dialog, you probably want to use the Dialog component rather than directly using Modal. Modal is a lower-level construct that is leveraged by the following components:

Simple modal

Click to get the full Modal experience!

Performance

The content of the modal is lazily mounted into the DOM. It ensures that having many closed modal in your React tree won't slow down your page.

However, creating React elements has a cost too. Consider the following case:

<Modal open={false}>
  <Table>
    <TableHead>
      <TableRow>
        <TableCell>Dessert (100g serving)</TableCell>
        <TableCell align="right">Calories</TableCell>
        <TableCell align="right">Fat (g)</TableCell>
      </TableRow>
    </TableHead>
    <TableBody>
      {rows.map(row => (
        <TableRow key={row.id}>
          <TableCell component="th" scope="row">
            {row.name}
          </TableCell>
          <TableCell align="right">{row.calories}</TableCell>
          <TableCell align="right">{row.fat}</TableCell>
        </TableRow>
      ))}
    </TableBody>
  </Table>
</Modal>

We create a lot of React elements that will never be mounted. It's wasteful 🐢. You can speed up the rendering by moving the modal body into its own component.

<Modal open={false}>
  <TableComponent />
</Modal>

This way, you take advantage of React render laziness evaluation. The TableComponent render method will only be evaluated when opening the modal 🚀.